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Pandering Law & Defense

PC 266i Crimes

Information on the crime of pandering is found at California penal code section 266i(a). Basically, pandering means to supply clients for prostitution or supply prostitutes for clients.

To prove that the defendant is guilty of pandering, the prosecutor must prove:

  • The defendant persuaded, or used threats or duress, to cause a person to become or remain as a prostitute, and

  • The defendant intended to influence the person to be a prostitute

Duress Defined: Duress means a direct or implied threat of force, violence, danger, or retribution that would cause a reasonable person to do something that he or she would not ordinarily do.

prostitute is a person who engages in sexual services or sexual lewd acts with another person in exchange for some benefit such as money or services.

The difference between pimping (PC 266h(a)) and pandering (PC 266i(a) is that a pimp derives support from a prostitute, a panderer influences another person to be a prostitute but does not necessarily derive support from the prostitute.

Punishment for PC 266i(a)

Prison: Pandering, or PC 266i(a), is charged as a felony. If found guilty of pandering the defendant may be sentenced up to six (6) years in prison.

 

More PC 266(i) Charges:

PC 266i(b)(1) pandering of a minor sixteen years or older, which carries a maximum punishment of up to six (6) years in prison.

PC 266i(b)(2) pandering of a minor under sixteen years old, which carries a maximum punishment up to eight (8) years in prison

PC 266e hiring a panderer, which carries a maximum punishment of up to three (3) years in prison.

Note: Probation sentences are not allowed in in pandering cases. In addition, , any conviction for pandering will require a prison sentence (as opposed to a jail sentence), and no part of that prison sentence may be split or suspended.

 

Sex offender registration: If found guilty of the crime of pandering per PC 266i(a), the defendant will be ordered to register as a sex offender with local law enforcement.

 

Firearm restrictions: Convictions of the crime of pandering per PC 266i(a) carries a ban on owning or possession of a firearm.

Strike offense: PC 266i(a) is not considered a strike offense under California Three Strikes Sentencing Law; however, pandering of a minor charged under PC 266i(b)(1), or 266i(b)(2) can trigger a third strike for the defendant.

Collateral punishment: A conviction of any pandering crime can subject the defendant to other punishments besides prison, including: harsh probation or parole terms, criminal protective orders (restraining orders), fines, restitution, loss of employment or immigration status, civil lawsuits, and more.

Note: PC 266i(a) is considered a crime of moral turpitude, which means that pandering is considered a morally wrong act and carries special punishments for non-U.S. citizens and defendants who possess professional licenses (i.e. doctors, dentists, lawyers, etc.).

Defense to PC 266i(a)

Common defenses to pandering charges include: insufficient evidence (to prove that the defendant intended another person to engage in prostitution), mistake of fact, coerced confession, statute of limitations, double jeopardy, and more.

If you have been charged with pandering, or penal code 266i(a), contact our sex crimes criminal defense attorneys to learn your rights and options without delay. Our attorneys are available seven days a week to answer questions. Call today!

909-913-3138

Related Crimes

  • Pimping PC 266h(a)

  • Prostitution PC 647(b)

  • Keeping a house of prostitution PC 315

  • Human trafficking PC 236.1

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